In July 1998, 120 countries signed the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court at the FAO headquarters in Rome. This intricate and sophisticated treaty was drafted to establish the International Criminal Court, which is endowed with the authority to investigate and prosecute the most egregious cases of human rights violations that remain unresolved by national judicial systems. This statute demonstrates the progression of the international human rights movement, which began years ago with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948, during the third session of the United Nations General Assembly. The end of the Cold War provided the opportunity to establish an international court.
The widespread executions of individuals who opposed the Islamic Republic during the 1980s constitute a blatant violation of human rights. The events involved severe repression, unfair trials, and cruel and inhumane punishments imposed by the government. Hamid Nouri (Abbasi) was accused of participating in and assisting in homicide, torture, and war crimes against political prisoners. This included his participation and cooperation with members of the Death Committee, namely Ebrahim Raisi, Mustafa Pourmohammadi, Hossein Ali Nayeri, and Mohammad Moqiseh. Following a fatwa by Ruhollah Khomeini in April 1988, the committee and other officials executed thousands of political prisoners who opposed the Islamic Republic. Hamid Nouri’s court, however, was conducted in compliance with all standards of a fair trial, in contrast to the courts held by the Islamic Republic which last only a few minutes in many cases.
This book provides an in-depth analysis of this historical tragedy. The author, Nayereh Ansari, is a jurist, expert in international law, and human rights advocate. She examined the trial of Hamid Nouri, as well as the history of international trials, including the prosecutable crimes, the jurisdiction of the court, and general principles of criminal law in her book.
The book is divided into three parts. You can download and read it for free.